디지털경영, Vol.6 no.2 (2020)
- Huawei 연구 개발 국제화의 지역 선택 연구 -
This article starts with Huawei's R&D internationalization process, entry mode, location influencing factors, and location distribution, and analyzes its location selection based on existing data and data. This article first sorts out the internationalization process developed by Huawei. It is divided into four phases: preparation, preliminary exploration, further expansion and global layout. It also lists the landmark events of each phase and the different characteristics of the different phases. Subsequently, the entry mode of Huawei's internationalization of R&D was analyzed. The article argues that Huawei has mainly adopted three methods: establishing overseas R&D centers, conducting cross-border cooperation with operators and local governments, and conducting overseas mergers and acquisitions. Focus on different input modes. Subsequently, this article summarizes the characteristics of Huawei's internationalization of R&D: First, Huawei has gradually transformed from green investment to cross-border M & A. The second is to carry out overseas investment in market research and development; the third is to focus on patent applications and actively participate in the formulation of international standards. The fourth is to focus on absorbing and training international R&D talents. When choosing Huawei's international R&D base, this article starts with its geographical location influencing factors and location distribution. In terms of location influencing factors, this article elaborates on 7 types of influencing factors based on national and enterprise levels, and considers that Huawei's R&D investment in different regions is driven by different influencing factors. In terms of location distribution, the article analyzes based on developed and developing regions. Developed regions include the United States, Canada, Western Europe, and Japan, while developing regions include Russia, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Three characteristics of the distribution of Huawei's international R&D bases are summarized through analysis. First, geographical distribution is dominated by developed countries, second, from developed countries and regions to emerging economies, and second, from extensive R&D investment to refined investment.